NATIONAL THEME NETWORK “A Bee’s Labour, A Man’s Commodity”
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“A Bee’s Labour, A Man’s Commodity”


The C.E.E. of Arnaia within the framework of its obligations for the establishment of theme networks of environmental education has decided to move forward with the design and implementation of a theme network of national range entitled “A Bee’s Labour, A Man’s Commodity”.
The C.E.E. of Arnaia has selected the specific subject for its network for the following reasons:
  • There is an educational programme of the C.E.E of Arnaia in implementation since 2006, in one-day or longer visits, entitled “Honey, Food for Queens”. Within the framework of the organization and implementation of this programme, the C.E.E. of Arnaia has co-operated with the Faculty of Agriculture of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, the Institute of Apiculture of Chalkidiki, the Beekeeping Co-operative of Nikiti “Sithon”, the President of the Beekeepers of Arnaia and the Beekeepers of the wider region.
  • The environmental supply of bees is immense, so, it is worth our attention.
  • The wider region of Arnaia and Chalkidiki in general hosts a great number of apiaries.
  • The art of beekeeping is carried out in many areas throughout Greece since ancient times.
  • The environmental and financial benefit from the bee is very big.
  • The Network’s subject is directly related to the current theme year “Agriculture, Nutrition and Quality of Life”.




The network “A Bee’s Labour, A Man’s Commodity”, will occupy with the structure and function of the bee’s society, the insect’s physiology, its environmental supply to the natural habitat as well as its social role. Along with beekeeping, as a longitudinal occupation, primary or secondary, it will study the beekeeping products, from their production and processing to their market promotion and consumption. Another issue to be examined by the student groups that will participate in the network will be the use of agrochemical compounds and their effects on the bee, the administration of antibiotics to the swarms, and the effects of genetically modified plants to the bee’s environment. Finally, the relation of the bee and its products to tradition, mythology, religion, art and science will be researched.
More specifically, the subject can be studied through the following financial, social and cultural sectors:

  • Crop production (honey) – Historical data, first producers, expansion of beekeeping, religious symbolisms, mythology (twelve Gods).
  • Agriculture, economy, trade (individual beekeepers, local co-operatives of production, standardization and marketing, big industrial units).
  • Rural societies (population, social organization, habits, longitudinal changes in beekeeping-cultural, financial, religious, social characteristics).
  • Forms of Agriculture (Chemical, Biological, Integrated, Natural Cultivation, Genetically Modified) - Influence on beekeeping.
  • Development of Pharmaceutical Industry (Honey and Medical Science. Complex of Symptoms and Therapeutic Uses).
  • Development of the Industry of Cosmetic Products- Cosmetics (use of new natural/plant ingredients). Consumer turn towards plant products.
  • Ancient Greek nutrition (Importance of honey’s energy supply-“melanas zomos” soup made by the Ancient Spartans -Honey, food of Gods and warriors).
  • Mediterranean nutrition as the healthy nutrition of the 21st century – Comparisons with other nutritional habits - Findings. Honey and Confectionary.
  • Nutrition and Tourism – Gastronomy and Agritourism. The role of beekeeping and its products in the development of alternative forms of tourism. Comparisons between the Mediterranean with the North and the West of Europe.
  • Honey and its byproducts in the Greek Orthodox religion – Beekeeping in monastic life.
  • Organic nutrition (return of the modern individual to nutrition based on longevity and preventive medicine) – Organic Farming (sustainable development).
  • Marketing and Advertising – Honey and plant products (product promotion- projected models).
  • Interculturality of Honey- Indians, Greeks, Egyptians.

The subject areas that are thematically involved with our topic could be schematically depicted as follows.



Consequently, the following subject modules are suggested:

  1. Bee and the Environment
  2. Bee and Economy
  3. Bee and Religion – history – mythology
  4. Bee and Culture
  5. Bee and Health
  6. Art of Beekeeping

The first subject module “Bee and the Environment” is compulsory because of its immediate relation to the environment. From the other optional ones all environmental groups can select as many as they think that can be studied. Every school year they are also given the opportunity to switch from one subject module to another after they have completed working with their previous choice.


Ευρωπαϊκή Κάρτα Νέωνespa-2014-2020